Pomeranian Dog FAQ

  1. How big will a Pomeranian grow?
  2. Thanks to more than a century of selective breeding, the Pomeranian is now a small dog and only weighs 2-3 kgs.

 

  1. How can you tell the differences between the standard, miniature, toy and teacup Pomeranians?
  2. Pomeranians and they’re all the same. There are no different “types.”

 

  1. What temperament does a Pomeranian have?
  2. Pomeranians are usually gregarious. They’re loyal, love being with people and they make great companions. They’ll often pick their favourite family member but will still love the whole family.

 

  1. Can a Pom live in a city apartment?
  2. As a small dog, Pomeranians (along with other small dog breeds as well as cats) thrive in small apartments As a medium energy dog, short walks will soon tire them out. If you have a small yard, they’ll enjoy that as well.

 

  1. What’s the usual life expectancy of a Pomeranian?
  2. He’s a healthy breed of dog and often lives to 15-16 years of age, provided that he’s cared for properly.

 

  1. Are Poms bad barkers?
  2. Poms are individuals. Some will bark a lot and others will be fairly quiet but may still bark if the doorbell rings or they hear a noise. Many Poms are good security dogs because they’ll bark if they see something exciting is happening. Your Pom will sleep if the household is quiet and will stay asleep unless there’s a visual or auditory disturbance. He generally won’t bark enough to annoy your neighbours when you’re away from home.

 

  1. Do Poms nip?
  2. The Pom has earned a reputation as a nippy dog. This is generally a training problem. If he’s spoiled, he may snap if another person gets between him and his master. Owners shouldn’t let it happen. If this does describe your dog’s behaviour, talk to a trainer as a matter of priority. Social Poms are generally pleased to meet strangers unless they’re threatened or cornered. Some Poms are quite submissive and, if they’re scared, nipping is a reaction to that fear. Training and better social skills should help the Pom grow out of that phase.

 

  1. How well do Pomeranians cope with small children being around?
  2. It’s usually not wise to get a Pom if you have young children. The exception to this is if you already have a pom or have had one in the past and understand everything it takes to care for him. Young children must NEVER be allowed near a Pom unless an adult is supervising and children shouldn’t be allowed to annoy the Pom. If your Pom has had a bad experience with a small child in the past, he’s more likely to bite. This isn’t good for anybody. Small children must be careful if they’re allowed to play with the Pom as it’s easy to accidentally drop him and cause a leg to be broken, as well as many other problems. If you already owned a Pom before you get small children, the best thing is to keep them separated completely unless they’re strictly supervised. While Poms are fantastic pets, children should be 8 years or older before playing with the Pom. Safety should be the number one priority in this situation.

 

  1. Is it hard to housetrain your Pom?
  2. The Pom is known as one of the most stubborn of all dog breeds when it comes to house training them. Crate training is the recommended solution, especially if he’s quite young, is a new addition to your household or if you can’t fully supervise him as he wanders around because everything is new and strange for him.

 

If your Pom doesn’t have the run of the house and can potty without you scolding him, the training will be accomplished much faster. Poms are usually clean and, once they reach six months of age where they can hold their bladder for up to six hours, you should still let them out for a potty break regularly to ensure it’s done outside.

 

Your Pom’s main times where he’s most likely to need to potty are: after waking up, before bed, after he has eaten and whenever he has been in his crate for any lengthy time period. Take him outside immediately after these events and you’ll avoid most accidents in the home.

 

Use a good cleanser to get rid of doggy messes straightaway. He can smell where prior accidents occurred and is drawn to that same spot. Cleaning must eliminate those spots. Spaying and neutering reduces the accidents as it decreases the pom’s need to mark his territory.

 

  1. How much care does a Pom’s coat need?
  2. If you brush him regularly, his full coat is easy to look after. He needs a weekly, thorough brushing with a hard pin brush (it has metal pins on the end). Brush him deeply, down to his flesh, and ensure you pay special attention to his rear, behind his ears and under his armpits as those are the spots where hair matts easily. A monthly bath is also recommended and when required as some days he’ll get dirtier than other days. If your Pom spends a lot of time outside the home, it’s recommended that he needs more frequent cleaning as he loves getting dirty, muddy and smelly at times.

 

Cut your Pom’s nails monthly and so cutting nails prevents them from making noises on tiled floors. If you can’t handle regularly grooming your Pomeranian, you should take him to a reputable grooming salon. It’s not wise to shave your Pom down because it may never grow back. A groomer often has no option if his hair is badly matted so it’s vital that you take your pet to the groomer before matting can grow. It’s also a good idea to brush him each week to ensure the good condition of his coat.

 

  1. Does a Pom’s coat shed a lot?
  2. Generally a Pom doesn’t shed. However, twice a year there’s a huge shedding period when the soft undercoat becomes looser. If you can see that your Pom is shedding, you need to brush him urgently or the hair can quickly get matted and cause problems.

 

  1. Is the Pomeranian a breed that’s hypo-allergenic?
  2. There’s no such thing as a hypoallergenic dog. Some will shed more often than others but the majority of allergies are because of dandruff.

 

  1. Should I clean my Pom’s teeth?
  2. Small dogs are more likely to lose their teeth than lots of bigger dogs. It’s part of your vet’s duties to ensure your Pom’s teeth are strong and healthy and to fix any problems. You also must check for tartar which can cause tooth decay and loss of teeth quite early in his life. To avoid problems, you must either brush his teeth regularly or take him to your vet to get his teeth cleaned. Anaesthetic is used so the vet can clean the teeth of any dog breed. However, there are always possible problems connected with your dog’s mouth and they include:

 

To prevent this, you can brush their teeth regularly, and/or take them in for regular dental cleanings. Dental cleanings require anaesthesia and are performed at your vet’s office. It can be expensive and there’s always a risk of other problems happening when anaesthetic is used. So regular brushing may be a good alternative.

 

What health issues can Poms experience?

As with any breed of dog, Pomeranians can face various health issues, both non-genetic and genetic in origin. Congenital (present when they’re born but not always hereditary) issues include: heart problems, tracheal collapse, epilepsy, patellar luxation, hypothyroidism, Legg-Calve-Perthes disease (problems with the hip’s femoral head) and alopecia X (nicknamed Black Skin Disease).

 

Patella luxation.

The most common problem is the patellar luxation. This is another phrase for a “bad knee.” It can vary in intensity and severity. The mildest form is barely noticeable by your dog and he can still be used for breeding. The worst case is when surgery is needed. If you see your dog carrying his leg up or skipping, talk to your vet. Make sure your Pom is kept fit and trim and don’t let young puppies jump down from a bed, furniture or steps.

 

Alopecia X (Black Skin Disease.)

This is the second most common Pomeranian problem and happens when your Pom loses hair without you knowing why. Current studies are investigating its hereditary possibilities and the cause, but no definitive answer has been proven so far.

 

Hypoglycaemia.

Your Pom puppy may face hypoglycaemia (low blood sugar levels). This occurs when he uses more energy than he can take in via his food. If he plays a lot and doesn’t stop to eat when given food, or if he has diarrhoea or a stomach upset, his sugars can drop down quite low.

 

If you have a puppy under six months of age and/or under 1.5 kgs in weight, make sure he eats regular nutritious meals and monitor him for signs of diarrhoea. If he has diarrhoea and/or won’t eat, take him straight to the vet for medical attention. Indicators of hypoglycaemia include: lack of coordination, drooling, seizures or losing consciousness. Your puppy will seem dazed and will stumble around before he collapses.

 

Hypothyroidism.

Hair loss can be due to hypothyroidism and this ailment is often mistaken for Alopecia X. If your vet does suspect hypothyroidism, he’ll first check the thyroid levels. If he prescribes a drug to treat this condition, symptoms should slowly vanish once your pet’s thyroid levels return to normal. If this doesn’t happen, hair loss may not be caused by the thyroid.

 

Tracheal collapse.

This is a windpipe problem. If it collapses, your dog will have trouble breathing and will also have a persistent cough.

 

Heart defects.

These may vary. Some issues are present when the puppy is born and he’ll have a heart murmur or he may have trouble breathing properly. Your vet should give him a full examination 8-12 weeks after he’s born and then congenital ailments should be noticed and he can tell you how to move forward. Other medical problems may appear as the puppy grows up.

 

Epilepsy.

Epilepsy is described as having seizures where there’s no known cause. They can vary in intensity from very mild “tic-like” symptoms to full blown grand mal episodes that can be frightening to watch. If you see anything unusual in your pet or you suspect he’s having seizures, ring your vet urgently as it may be epilepsy or a different problem.

 

Legg-Calve-Perthes disease (LCP)

This is a medical condition where there’s a degeneration of the hip’s femoral head. It may be due to genes or because of an injury. If it’s inherited, it will mostly be noticed prior to the puppy turning one year old as he’ll generally walk with a limp. Fortunately it can be diagnosed via x-ray and surgical intervention usually results in a full recovery. If your pet does limp, get your vet to examine his patellas and take

x-rays in case either LCP or hip dysplasia may be causing it.

 

Eye problems.

Poms don’t commonly suffer from eye problems but, as with all medical problems, eye issues can happen, particularly in older dogs.

 

What is the Pomeranian puppy uglies?

The coat of a Pom puppy generally changes into an adult coat over time. It’s this transitional period that’s described as the “puppy uglies.” It generally starts at around three months of age and has fully changed by the time he gets to about nine months old and his coat is that of an adult. The colour will also become darker or, if he’s a sable, the coat may lighten in colour. Some breeders believe that if a Pomeranian puppy doesn’t go through the “puppy uglies,” he may have future problems with coat loss once he becomes an adult.

 

This medical information is far from comprehensive and isn’t a definitive resource. It’s just a guide to help potential new Pomeranian buyers. If you think your Pom has any problems, consult your vet as a matter of urgency.

 

Further Pomeranian information can be obtained on the Pomeranian Resource and information website.

 

For complete and detailed Pomeranian information, how to choose the right Pomeranian puppy for your family, Feeding your new Pomeranian puppy, toilet and crate training your Pomeranian, Socialising your Pomeranian Puppy, Common Health Issues Affecting Poms, Choosing Your Pomeranian’s Veterinarian, Pomeranian Colours and Patterns. The Pomeranian colours explained, Breeding & Exhibiting Pomeranians

Download the Pomeranian Book by Pomeranian Breed Authority Denise Leo.

 

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