After receiving numerous emails asking for help with toilet training a Pomeranian puppy, I decided that there was a need for a page on this topic.
As a part of creating a good relationship between your human family and your puppy, house rules, including house training, is essential. A dog is a creature of habit and likes going to the toilet in the same places he has been before. You need to control where he goes so he doesn’t make a mess of your nice carpet or expensive lounge suite.
Puppies need a place of their own where they feel comfortable, safe and secure. This is a vital part of house training.
When unsupervised, your new puppy should have restricted access to your home until completely housetrained. He should be confined in a puppy playpen with clean newspaper down at one end and food, water and a comfortable bed at the other end. Puppy sleeps in this area and, when I have to go out, I leave him safely confined to the playpen.
As soon as puppy wakes up, I take him outside to the area I want him to use as a potty area. I also take my puppy to this area after meals and, when he has done his business, I reward him with heaps of cuddles and tell him how good he is.
After puppy has been to the toilet, let him run around your house. Remember, as he’s new to your home environment, it will take him a while to get used to the house, where he can go, what things are of interest and so on. Assuming you have doggie doors, he’ll have to also learn where they are so eventually he’ll use them and go out when he needs to.
Watch carefully for any indications that your puppy needs to go outside to the potty area. Indications are usually first circling and smelling, looking for an area to use as the potty area and then squatting. This takes a lot of patience and persistence. Doing this correctly during the first few weeks will pay in the long term.
Accidents do, and will, happen. Young puppies have very small bladders and are physically unable to “hold on” for hours. This is the reason I don’t like using crate training for young Pomeranian puppies. Usually a puppy is able to go the same amount of hours as his age in months. Expect a two month old puppy to require a toilet break very two hours and a four month old puppy will need a visit to the potty place every four hours.
If you catch your puppy “in the act,” grab him and take him outside quickly and then tell him “potty” or whatever trigger word you choose. If he does more, then reward him for it.
DON’T SMACK PUPPY OR ATTEMPT TO RUB HIS NOSE IN HIS ACCIDENT.
Immediately take puppy to the potty area. Clean up the accident immediately and ensure there are no lingering smells or puppy will use this area again and again. Your behaviour must be consistent. It’s no good yelling at your puppy if he makes a mess because that will only scare him.
Like most dogs, Pomeranians are generally very intelligent. However, they don’t understand the correlation between them urinating/defecating where they shouldn’t and you yelling at them or rubbing their nose in it. This is especially the case where they have left the scene of “the crime” and you find it later and then go crazy. So it’s certainly not the right way to successfully housetrain your puppy.
If puppy has been using a rug or newspaper, you can place either item in the place outside where you want baby to use as the potty area. The smell will help the puppy associate this area with going to the toilet.
Another helpful item to use when potty training your new baby is a box of the Pee Wee Pads (not sure of the name and it depends on the brand). These are available from a lot of pet shops and already smell like urine to the puppy. Place one of these where you want puppy to use as the potty place and the smell from the pads will encourage the puppy to use the pad.
Your Pomeranian puppy will most likely want to potty when he wakes up in the morning, after a nap, before eating and before bed. One way to train him to go outside is to wake him in the morning and carry him outside. If he feels grass on his paws, he will associate that will potty and, with some luck, not want to go on your carpet instead.
When you want to clean an area where puppy has made a mess, you can use white vinegar because it’s an excellent cleaner and is safe on most carpets. It’s also good for eliminating puppy odours so he won’t feel the urge to potty in the same spot again.
Litter training of your baby Pomeranian.
It’s easiest to start this when your Pomeranian puppy is three weeks old. I place a very low tray of kitty litter at the entrance to his bed. The first thing the pom baby steps onto when getting out of the bed is the kitty litter tray. As baby gets older, I move the litter tray further away.
Good Luck and remember, you need heaps of perseverance and patience with your baby Pomeranian but you’ll find that it will be worth every minute because once he’s house trained, you can enjoy sharing your life with him every single day.
© Denise Leo 2001-2015. This Article is not to be reproduced in any form without the written permission of the author.