POMERANIAN HISTORY:The Pomeranian is believed to have descended from wolf-spitz type dogs which at some early period migrated to Pomerania from the north of Russia and Siberia.Sharing the same ancestors with the other arctic breeds such as the Samoyed and Keeshond.
Pictured right: A painting of Queen Charlotte’s Pomeranians.
These early spitz type dogs were used to work as guard and sledge animals,however the smallest were kept as companions.At this stage of development,the breed weighed 30 lbs and were colored white,black or cream.
Pomeranians were established as a breed in the eighteenth century after they drew the interest of the English monarchy. Upon her marriage to King George 111, Queen Charlotte brought large white Pomeranians to England in 1761.
However it was not until Queen Victoria’s reign that the Pomeranian became one of the most popular toy breeds.In 1888 Queen Victoria travelled to Florence, Italy and found a breed of dog called ” Volpinos “. These dogs resembled the descendents of Queen Charlotte’s “Poms”, but were much smaller, weighing around 5 kilos. Queen Victoria fell in love with these delightful little dogs, a love affair that was to last thoughout her life. She brought home some of these dogs and called them “Toy Pomeranians”.
Pictured above: A painting of “Marco on the Queen’s Breakfast Table”, by Charles Burton Barber, 1893.
After 1915 the breed became known as the Pomeranian with the prefix “toy” being dropped completely.
Queen Victoria at one time had 35 of the breed in the royal kennels. In 1891 she showed six of the dogs at Cruft’s – Fluffy, Nino, Mino, Beppo, Gilda and Lulu.
A Pomeranian called Turi often accompanied the Queen on her carriage drives in the last years of her life and was at her side when she died.
Pictured right: Kim Porter, Sean Comes ( P Diddy / Puff Daddy) walking their Pomeranians.
Many famous people have fallen under the spell of this delightful little dog, including Mozart. More recently we have seen Fran Drescher’s Pomeranian “Chester” making an appearance in “The Nanny”. Fran Drescher’s newest Pomeranian, Esther Drescher. Sharon Osbourne recetly lost her belowed Pomeranian, Minnie and of late we have all seen Nicole Richie’s Pomeranian – Foxxy Cleopatra gracing the tabloids. The Rap Star P Diddy or Sean Combes has imported 4 Pomeranian puppies from a leading Australian Pomeranian breeder.
GENERAL APPEARANCE:The Pomeranian is a small ,compact ,dainty dog .He displays great glamour with his crowning glory- a dense ,double coat ,made up of long, harsh,standoff guard hairs and a soft woolly undercoat.
His tail is carried straight over his back ,not curled,but should lie flat. Having a tail that lies flat on the back is a characteristic of this breed that sets it apart from the other spitz breeds. The tail has a profuse plume reaching to the back of the head. This plume of long glistening hair helps to give the illusion of a circle.
The head with a short fine muzzle,medium sized almond shaped eyes, the tiniest of pricked ears and an intelligent sweet expression add to the breed’s appeal.
He has a short coupled solid body,fine bone,short neck,neat cat-like feet. The Pomeranian should move soundly with plenty of style.
The Pomeranian comes in a variety of colours. Colours include Orange, Orange Sable, Cream, Black, Wolf Sable, Chocolate, Beaver, White, Blue, Merle, Black & Tan and Parti color.
Size: Dogs 1.8 kg to 2 kg. Bitches 2kg. to 2.5 kg.
The Pomeranian ranges in height from about Height: 8 – 11″ (20.3 – 27.9cm)
The breed standard deviates from most other breed standards by requiring the female to be slightly larger than the male.
Miniature, toy or teacup Pomeranians do not exist…….just Pomeranians. A reputable, registered breeder will not describe their puppy’s by any of these terms. Beware of any “breeder” advertising using these terms. You can be sure that anyone who tells you they have teacup Pomeranians, miniature Pomeranians, or toy Pomeranians for sale is not a reputable Breeder. My advice is to always purchase from a reputable breeder, so I would look for your new family member elsewhere.
AVERAGE LIFE SPAN : The average Pomeranian lifespan is about 12 years, but it is not unusual for some Pomeranians to live a happy life well into their middle teens. I have found that keeping your Pomeranian trim and active will help prevent many health problems and enable your Pomeranian to lead a happy life into the mid teens. Desexing reduces the risk of many cancers, so it is a good idea to have this done close to puberty.
TEMPERAMENT : The Pomeranian is a delightful family member, extrovert, lively and very, very intelligent. Pomeranians excel at obedience with many Pomeranians over the years obtaining obedience titles. Pomeranians are very loyal and loving towards their family. Pomeranians can be “yappy” if allowed to do so. Like human children, well brought up Pomeranians are obedient, well mannered and a joy to live with.
POMERANIANS ARE SUITABLE : For most situations, Small Homes, Large Homes, Apartments. Flat dwellers will find that a Pomeranian adapts well to apartment living. A Pomeranian is happy to snooze or play with toys while their human family are away during the day. Owing to the diminutive size and high energy level the Pomeranian is not recommended for families with young children. Pomeranians make loyal , loving and very intelligent companions for the elderly.
More Information regarding this delightful Breed is available on our site Pomeranian Resources.
© Denise Leo 1994-2015